Another attack on Kabul airport is highly likely, US President Joe Biden has warned, saying commanders have told him it could come as early as Sunday.
The US is continuing evacuations but the final UK troops, diplomats and officials have now left Kabul.
A suicide bombing near the airport on Thursday resulted in some 170 deaths.
A local branch of the Islamic State group – Islamic State in Khorasan Province (IS-K) – claimed the attack.
In retaliation, the US carried out a drone strike on eastern Afghanistan late on Friday, saying it had killed two “high-profile” IS-K members.
The two are described as a planner and a facilitator. It is unclear whether they were directly involved in planning the Kabul airport attack.
“This strike was not the last. We will continue to hunt down any person involved in that heinous attack and make them pay,” Mr Biden said in a statement released on Saturday.
IS-K is the most extreme and violent of all the jihadist militant groups in Afghanistan and has major differences with the Taliban, who now control most of the country. It accuses them of abandoning the battlefield in favour of a negotiated peace settlement with the Americans.
The Taliban condemned the air strike, saying the Americans should have consulted them first, a spokesman told Reuters news agency.
The next few days of the US evacuation operation are likely to be the most dangerous since it began, White House officials say.
US troops have begun their withdrawal from the airport – their numbers are now down to 4,000, from a peak of 5,800 in the past week.
One Western security official told Reuters that US forces were in the final phase, although a time for the end of the operation had yet to be decided.
Just over 1,000 civilians remain to be airlifted, the official said.
A Taliban official told Reuters their technical experts and engineers were ready to take over the airport when they were given the “final nod from the Americans”.
The Taliban have set up further layers of checkpoints around the airport and are not allowing most Afghans through, the Associated Press adds.
In all, more than 110,000 people – both Afghans and foreign nationals – have been evacuated from Kabul airport since the airlift began two weeks ago.
On Saturday, Italy’s final flight from Afghanistan arrived in Rome. Italy said it had evacuated almost 5,000 Afghan citizens from Kabul – the highest number of any EU country.
France said it had flown out more than 2,800 since 17 August, while Germany said it had taken about 4,000 Afghans.
The head of the UK’s armed forces, General Sir Nick Carter, said it was “heartbreaking” that they had not been able to rescue everyone.
France and Britain will urge the UN to create a “safe zone” in Kabul to help evacuation efforts, French President Emmanuel Macron said.
He said it would allow the international community to carry out humanitarian work and “maintain pressure on the Taliban”.
Since the Taliban took Kabul on 15 August, the Afghan economy has been in freefall as aid donors freeze funds and panicked depositors seek to withdraw their money from banks.
On Saturday crowds of protesters gathered outside banks in the Afghan capital.
“If the situation continues and employees of the government don’t get their salaries and a businessman cannot get his money from the bank for trading, the result of this is very horrible, and there will be poverty in the society as well, and no-one can solve that issue,” one man told Reuters.
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